Breaking Barriers: Europe Should Make Visa Easier for African Travellers.

From dreams to realities! Explore the journey of Ghanaian, Nigerian, and South African travellers as Europe redefines the visa experience.
Europe Visa

From dreams to realities! Explore the journey of Ghanaian, Nigerian, and South African travellers as Europe redefines the visa experience.

Europe, with its rich history, cultural diversity, and vibrant cities, has long been a coveted destination for travellers worldwide. However, for many Africans, the dream of exploring the continent’s wonders turns into a daunting nightmare when confronted with the visa application process.

A recent study by the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) sheds light on the challenges faced by Ghanaian, Nigerian, and South African travellers seeking entry to Europe. As the data reveals the barriers these travellers encounter, it becomes evident that Europe must take decisive action to make the visa application process more accessible and transparent for African applicants.

The LSE Study: A Glimpse into the Ordeal

The LSE study, published in June 2023, delves into the experiences of Ghanaian, Nigerian, and South African travellers as they navigate the European visa application process. The research underscores the prevailing hurdles and inconsistencies faced by African applicants, even when their purpose of travel is legitimate and benign.

For many, the initial obstacle lies in the visa application requirements. The study highlights how these requirements vary significantly among European countries, leading to confusion and uncertainty. While some countries demand extensive documentation, others may require relatively less. This lack of uniformity adds complexity to the process and contributes to delays and rejections.

Moreover, the visa processing timeframes differ widely across European embassies and consulates. As a result, travellers from Ghana, Nigeria, and South Africa experience disparities in processing times, which can be burdensome for those with imminent travel plans. Such discrepancies impede travel plans, hinder business collaborations, and disrupt academic pursuits for African applicants.

According to the LSE report, Initial analysis suggests that the success rate of a Schengen visa application depends on the country’s GDP per capita. The poorer the country, the higher the rejection rate.

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Schengen Visa Rejection Rate in 2022

An interactive version of this chart can be seen on the website of the Lago Collective.

The Human Impact: Personal Accounts of Struggles

The LSE study includes heart-rending personal accounts of individuals from Ghana, Nigeria, and South Africa who have endured arduous journeys through the visa application maze. Let us take a closer look at some of these experiences:

  1. Mariam from Accra, Ghana: Mariam, a young entrepreneur, hoped to attend a business conference in Berlin. Armed with all the necessary documents and an invitation from the conference organizers, she applied for a Schengen visa at the German embassy. However, her application was rejected, with no clear explanation provided. The rejection shattered her aspirations and confidence in the visa application process.
  2. Emeka from Lagos, Nigeria: Emeka, an accomplished software engineer, secured a job interview with a prestigious tech firm in Amsterdam. Eager to make a positive impression, he applied for a short-term Dutch visa. Despite having an impeccable professional track record and adequate financial means, Emeka’s application was stalled for months. The delay eventually led to the missed opportunity, leaving him devastated.
  3. Thabo from Johannesburg, South Africa: Thabo, a talented university student, earned a scholarship to study in Paris. Excited about the prospects of pursuing higher education abroad, he applied for a French student visa. The opaque and lengthy process caused Thabo to miss the start of the semester, adding unnecessary stress to his academic journey.

The Call for Change: A More Inclusive Europe

The LSE study unequivocally highlights the pressing need for Europe to reevaluate its visa application system and strive for greater inclusivity. The current state of affairs deters potential travellers and perpetuates stereotypes and prejudices. While security concerns are valid, balancing them with openness, transparency, and fairness principles is essential.

Europe must streamline its visa application requirements across member states, ensuring clarity and consistency for all applicants, regardless of nationality. By adopting a unified approach, European countries can facilitate smoother visa processing, allowing applicants from Africa to make travel plans confidently.

Furthermore, European embassies and consulates should strive to reduce processing times and communicate transparently with applicants about the status of their applications. Timely and efficient processing will benefit travellers and enhance Europe’s reputation as an attractive destination for tourists, students, and business professionals.


Europe’s allure as a global travel destination should be accessible to all, regardless of origin. The LSE study’s revelations about the struggles faced by Ghanaian, Nigerian, and South African travellers underscore the urgency for change. Europe must take proactive steps to make the visa application process more transparent, consistent, and efficient for African applicants.

By doing so, Europe can cultivate a more inclusive and welcoming environment, fostering mutual understanding and collaboration between continents. Through concerted efforts, Europe can truly embrace its potential as a melting pot of cultures and ideas, where barriers are broken and bridges are built.

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